Multiple sclerosis (MS) causes white blood cells to attack your neurons (nerve cells). The resulting damage and scar tissue on your neurons can slow communication between your brain and body.
If you or a loved one has multiple sclerosis (MS), you already know about the symptoms. They may include muscle weakness, trouble with coordination and balance, vision problems, thinking and memory issues, and sensations such as numbness, prickling, or “pins and needles.”
What you may not know is how this autoimmune disease actually affects the body. How does it interfere with the messaging system that helps your brain control your actions?
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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a potentially disabling disease of the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system).
In MS, the immune system attacks the protective sheath (myelin) that covers nerve fibers and causes communication problems between your brain and the rest of your body. Eventually, the disease can cause permanent damage or deterioration of the nerves.
Signs and symptoms of MS vary widely and depend on the amount of nerve damage and which nerves are affected. Some people with severe MS may lose the ability to walk independently or at all, while others may experience long periods of remission without any new symptoms.
There’s no cure for multiple sclerosis. However, treatments can help speed recovery from attacks, modify the course of the disease and manage symptoms.