Nonapproved Treatments Used for Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis is a chronic autoimmune condition that leads to lesions on the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord), causing symptoms related to movement, vision, and speech. Treatment is a complicated process and includes disease-modifying treatments (DMTs) that are approved or indicated for multiple sclerosis. Treatment may also involve drugs currently in clinical trials or off-label medications that are used to manage symptoms associated with multiple sclerosis. What does this all mean? Let’s explore how to make sense of these different drug types and treatment options.
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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a potentially disabling disease of the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system).
In MS, the immune system attacks the protective sheath (myelin) that covers nerve fibers and causes communication problems between your brain and the rest of your body. Eventually, the disease can cause permanent damage or deterioration of the nerves.
Signs and symptoms of MS vary widely and depend on the amount of nerve damage and which nerves are affected. Some people with severe MS may lose the ability to walk independently or at all, while others may experience long periods of remission without any new symptoms.
There’s no cure for multiple sclerosis. However, treatments can help speed recovery from attacks, modify the course of the disease and manage symptoms.